The book “Origin of Species” produced significant public enthusiasm. Scientists, politicians, and important people of all class read and talked about the book, some protecting and some rejecting the Darwin's ideas. The most noticeable of them all involved in the controversies was T.H. Huxley, known as “Darwin's bulldog,” who defended the theory of evolution with articulate and sometimes violent words on public occasions as well as in numerous writings. Evolution by natural selection was indeed a favorite topic in society conversation during the 1860s and beyond. But grave scientific controversies also came up, first in Britain and then in the United States. A renowned naturalist Alfred Russell Wallace, who had hit upon the idea of natural selection independently, had sent a short document to Darwin from the Malay Archipelago. On July 1, 1858, one year before the publication of the Origin, a paper jointly written by Wallace and Darwin was presented, in the absence of both, to the Linnean Society in London. In this paper Darwin had developed the theory in considerably more detail, provided far more evidence for it, and was primarily responsible for its acceptance. Wallace's views differed from Darwin's in several ways, most importantly in that Wallace did not think natural selection was sufficient to account for the origin of man, which in his view required unswerving divine interference.
Charles Darwin's theory had also made a remarkable effect on the world as a whole. It has provoked debate; while at the same time generated a new variety of scientific thinking. Darwin was able to obtain extensive support for his idea mostly based on evidence and the way it was presented. The Origin of Species was also a breakthrough that used his own work and the ideas of others even if they were not directly linked to evolution, to cover the way for the completion of his theory (Bowler). In “The Origin of Species” Darwin wrote “young with a certain favorable adaptation will pass it on to the next generation and survive or adapt even more using the first adaptation”. This means that humans were created in the same way. In Darwin's time, this was unacceptable and prevented some from supporting his idea. Some challenged his theory because they opposed the association of animals and man. In addition, some did not believe that Darwin's justification of his theory and some evidence supporting it was scientifically enough.
The supreme reaction causing controversy regarding the Darwinian theory involves Darwinism's clashing views with Creationism. Creationism is the broad range of beliefs involving God's intervention, which also explains the origin to the universe, life, and the different kinds of plants and animals on earth. This was the reason that the church in England opposed the theory, because it clashed with the religious ideas. Darwin’s evidence however did not concur with Creationism. This also resulted in a great uproar with the Christian church in his time. During the early part of the last century the theory of evolution was gaining a greater presence in schools, but evangelic Christians continue to be skeptical of the theory, even in this era.
Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species